Appendix A - The Users Manual
Installation Instructions
The first requirement to installing this application is copying the three files listed below to the computer or PDA where ArcPad is installed.
1) strAss.apa
2) strAss.vbs
3) mm_class.dbf
These three files work together as an applet. They must be copied into the same folder; make note of its location: . This location is the applet path. Setting up ArcPad
The second step is setting the path that ArcPad will use to find the applet.
This path is the applet path created in the previous step.
The next few instuctions will illustrate this.

Basic Introduction to PDA
The windows icon is in the upper left corner of the PDA's screen.
Using the stylus, tap this icon to open the main menu.

This figure illustrates the Windows Mobile Operating System on a Trimble GeoXH.


Start ArcPad
Use a stylus to tap on the ArcPad icon in the Programs window.
The ArcPad icon is in the upper right corner.

The ArcPad Default Toolbars
The first toolbar is the Main Toolbar.
The Main Toolbar includes seven icons:
• OpenMap
• SaveMap
• AddLayer
• Table of Contents
• GPS Position Window
• Tools
• Quick Reference Help

The second toolbar is the Browse Toolbar. It also includes seven icons:
• Zoom in
• Zoom to Full Extent
• Go Back to Previous Extent
• Identify
• Find
• Start/Stop Editing
• Refresh
The tool needed to add the customized suite of tools is in the Main Toolbar. Tap on the Tools Icon .



The Tools Utility
The Tools Utility of the Main Toolbar includes a drop down list.
To set the applet path, open the ArcPad Options dialog box by tapping on the Options item.

ArcPad Options
The ArcPad Options Window has several tabs.
Tap (select) the “Paths” tab.

Paths in ArcPad Options
The ArcPad Options page contains or lists two paths that will need to be modified.
Set the Default Maps and Data Path to the user’s specified or preferred location for maps and data.
The path that must be set in order for the Stream Assessment Toolbar to launch is the "Other Additional Paths" at the bottom of this form.
These are applets. The applet path (folder location) noted at the beginning of these directions is entered here.
After adding these paths, tap the OK


Exit ArcPad
After adding these paths, Exit ArcPad.
ArcPad can be exited in two ways.
The Open Map Icon includes a dropdown list. The last tool in this list is the Exit Tool.
The red “X” box in upper right corner of the ArcPad Form will also prompt ArcPad to close.
The next time ArcPad is opened, the new toolbars will launch.

The ArcPad Menus
This picture shows the two default ArcPad menus as well as the customized Stream Assessment Toolbar.

The Satellite Menu

To activate the GPS, click the satellite icon on the main toolbar.
To set the GPS Preferences, click the down arrow next to the satellite icon.

The Satellite Button
This button is used to tune into the satellites.
This figure illustrates the GPS Position Window. It is a satellite skyplot.
The Title Bar indicates the coordinate system. In this figure the map projection is DMS (ddd° mm' ss.sss"), degrees – minutes – seconds.
In the work area, the first line is the longitude; the second line is the latitude; and the third line includes the GPS mode and the elevation.
The 3D icon indicates that at least four satellites are available and are being used to calculate the x, y, and z (elevation) position coordinates. The number on the right is the elevation in meters.
For more information on skyplots see the ESRI® ArcPad® Quick Reference and The GPS Window in ArcGIS ArcPad Help and Activating your GPS in the ArcPad User Guide.


The GPS Cursor
The red symbol with the yellow cross is called the GPS Cursor and displays when the GPS signal is received.

Arc Pad will automatically redraw the map with the GPS Cursor in the center of the display.
Further information can be found in the Magellan Professional Guide "Installing and Using ArcPad on MM CE" and the ESRI Users Guide "ArcGIS Using ArcPad".


The ArcPad Toolbars
The first three toolbars shown in this figure are the default ArcPad Toolbars. The upper toolbar is the Main Toolbar that was used earlier in this tutorial. Row 1 from left to right
• Open File
• Save
• Add Data (or map Layer)
• Layer Info
• Satellite (On-Off)
• ArcPad Options
• Help

The Browse Toolbar
The second toolbar is the Browse Toolbar that allows the user to explore data by panning, zooming and querying data layers. Row 2 from left to right
• Zoom In
• Zoom to Full Extent
• Go Back to Previous Extent
• Identify
• Find
• Start / Stop Editing
• Refresh

The Edit Tool Bar
The third toolbar is the Edit Toolbar that activates the editing tools allowing the user to add new data or to update existing data.
The highlighted icons in Row 3 from left to right
• Select a Feature
• Add a Feature Manually
• Add a Point Feature with GPS
• Show Feature Properties
• Offset Feature

The Stream Assessments Toolbar
This is the customized toolbar installed earlier in this tutorial.
• From Left to Right
• Create New Shapefile
• Grain Size Analysis
• Profile
• Discharge
• Field Notes


Create New Shapefile Tool
The common field preparation practice is to set up shapefiles prior to going into the field; however, there may be instances where the creation of a new shape is needed in the field. This tool is accessed by clicking the yellow diamond.
The Create New Shapefile Tool will create a shape file for an individual stream assessment tool or all the tools.
The shapefile will include the fields that correspond to the individual tools. For instance, the Pebble Count Shapefile will include the D50 field. The shapefile names will include extensions that correspond to specific tools.
Pebble Count or Grain Size shapefile names have a suffix of GS. Profiling shapefile names include an XS suffix. The discharge shapefile names include a QW suffix, and field note shapefile names use the FN suffix
If an individual tool is selected and the Edit Layer box is checked. This new layer will become the edit layer.


User Message
This message indicates where the new shapefile(s) is located. The GS at the end of the file name indicates that fields were built for the Pebble Count (grain size) Tool.
To review the data that is available in the current ArcPad session, click the AddData icon.
This will open the Table of Contents.

The ArcPad Table of Contents
The TOC lists all layers included in the ArcPad Session. These layers may include graphic files as well as shapefiles. This illustration includes shapefiles made for the suite of stream assessment tools. The first column is headed with the icon of an eye; a check in this box instructs the software to draw the map layer – i.e. make it visible. The second column is a list of the layer or data names. The third column is headed by a blue "I" icon. If there is a check in this column's box, queries of features in the map can be made during the ArcPad Session. These are checked by default but may slow activity. If ArcPad is running slowly uncheck the boxes for the layers that are listed only for graphic support.
The important column in this screen is the fourth column. This column is headed by a pencil. A check in this box indicates that this is the layer that can be edited.
Only one shapefile of each feature type can be edited at a time. In this diagram, all layers are point features. If a layer is clicked for editing; the previous clicked layer will no longer be editable.

Selecting an Edit Layer
The edit layer can also be selected with the Start/Stop Editing Tool.
This tool provides a drop down list of the available shapefiles. The rectangular shapefile icon with the red outline is the current edit layer. To change the edit layer, use the stylus to tap on the layer to be edited.

The Grain Size Analysis Tool

The first icon that looks like a ruler overlying a notebook calls the Grain Size Analysis Tool. This tool was built to enable users to follow the traditional Wolman Pebble Count Procedure.

The Shapefiles Property Window
When a point is added, the shapefiles property window will open. This window shows the fields for the shapefile. This window should be checked to make sure that the user has the right shapefile and the appropriate fields for the data to be collected.
The shapefile for the grain size analysis includes an identification field number, fields for the D50 and D84 indices and a field for the number of grains measured.
After reviewing the fields, tap the green OK icon.

The Grain Size Analysis Tool
The first page of the tool is for setting up options such as measuring units and text file names.
By default the measuring units are in mm.
The Edit Layer is the shape file that is currently being edited.
Adding a reach name is an optional feature. If a reach name is added, the text file created will include the reach name and the point number. If a reach name is not added the text file name will be the shapefile name and a point number.

Count your pebbles
The second page, Count Your Pebbles, is the page for recording grain sizes.
The values in the picklist indicate grainsizes of less than the designated value.
For instance, if a grain measures 0.75 mm then the 1mm value is selected.


Tallying the Grains
In this instance, the 0.75 mm grain falls into the coarse sand class. The recorder will use the stylus to tap the "1" in the picklist and then note that this is correct and click the “Record” button.
CLASS DEFINITION
<mm
1 0.125
2 0.25
3 0.5
4 1
5 2
6 4
7 5.7
8 8
9 11.3
10 16
11 22.6
12 32
13 45
14 64
15 90
16 128
17 180
18 256
19 362
20 512
21 1024
22 2048
23 4096
24 BEDROCK


Each time the record button is clicked the D50 and D84 values are recalculated and the count value text box is incremented.

In this diagram, the last measured grain was greater than 4 mm and less than 5.7 mm. It is in the fine gravel class. The D50 is 8.0 and the D84 is 16. There have been seven recorded measurements. This is the first point in the shapefile.

In the traditional Wolman Pebble Count, 100 grains are measured. In this diagram the count is 100.
When the desired number of grains have been measured, the user will complete the data collection by tapping the save button.

Assuring that the save button was not clicked by mistake, a message box will ask that the count is finished.
If the save was clicked by mistake, then the no button is clicked and the user is returned to the Grain Size Analysis Tool.
If yes, then the final calculations are made, the shapefile fields are updated, and a text file is made. A message box will pop up with the location of the text file.


Viewing the Data
After saving the count data, the shapefile values can be reviewed.
Tap the Show Feature Properties icon.
In this diagram, this is the first point in the shapefile.
The D50 falls into class 8 which is between 5.7 and 8 mm. The D84 falls into class 11 which is between 16 and 22.6 mm.
One hundred grains were measured.
The longitude is -116.75 and the latitude is 48.49.



The Stream Assessment Toolbar
The Profiling Tool


The Profiling Tool

When a point is added, ArcPad will present the Shapefile Properties window. The User should review the fields.

If the fields are correct:
tap the green OK icon.
tap the Profiling Tool Button


The Profiling Tool Starting Page
The first page of this tool is for setting up prior to taking measurements. It includes the shape file point number for identification and the date.
The user inputs the name of the location. This name will be used to name the text file that will be saved at the end of the process.
If there is a gauging station, the stage height should be entered into the StageHt text box.
User then inputs the tape measure values for the left and right wetting edges and the desired number of measurements. This will provide an incrementing value and the system will do some calculations for ease of data entry.
The check boxes at the bottom are used to designate whether the measured data is perpendicular to flow as a cross section or parallel to flow as a longitudinal profile.
When the “GO” button is tapped, the distance between wetting edges and the incrementing distances will be calculated and added to the recording page. The Recording Page will open automatically.


This page is set up to ease data entry. The first measurement is at the beginning tape measure value. User simply adds the depth at this location. When the depth value is correctly entered the record button is clicked and the new tape distance will show in the white text box.
If, for some reason a different tape distance is needed, the user can modify the values in this text box add the depth and click the record button.
The screen at the bottom of this display is in the format of a key board. The user may prefer to enter numbers on a number pad type of keyboard; as displayed in the next image.


To access the number pad, click the “123” in the upper right of this keyboard.
To toggle between the two keyboards, click the “123” in the upper right of this keyboard.

The View button will show the recorded measurements.


If a character is entered into the Depth Text Box, the following error message will be shown: “Please enter height in numbers”.

When the count is equal to the original desired number of measurements from the set up, the following message will be shown:
“This should be your last measurement”.

When the save button is clicked, the shapefile will be updated with width and maximum depth values and a comma delimited text file will be made that includes all measurements. A message box will pop up with the name of this text file.



The Stream Assessment Toolbar
The Discharge Tool




The Discharge Tool
The discharge is calculated by using the velocity area method.

When a point is added, ArcPad will present the Shapefile Properties window. The User should review the fields.

If the fields are correct:
• tap the green OK icon.
• tap the Discharge Tool Button.

The first page of the Discharge tool is used to set up prior to recording measurements.

The shapefile name, point number and date are shown at the bottom of the page.

The stream name, station name, left wetting edge, right wetting edge, and units are required entries.
If there is a stream gage available, the stage height may be added.
Entering the minimum number of measures signals the system to determine and increment measuring locations.
Here the Windows Mobile Soft Input Panel (SIP) is showing the number keypad. The SIP will volunteer itself to fill in these textboxes. Upon completion, clicking the little keyboard icon in the bottom right will lower the SIP allowing user to click the “Next” button.

The Description Page allows the user to add some text description, the recorders name and other field persons, and the direction the measurements are being taken.


The Stream Width and Section width are calculated based on the set-up page entries.

The list box in the upper right is contains the velocity measurement units.


The measurement location box is for recording the tape measure value. The user will then enter the section depth. The mean velocity is assumed to be 0.4 * d from the bottom (or 0.6 * d from the water surface) and is calculated when the section depth is added. The Velocity measurement is then added. User should look over the depth and velocity measurements, if these are correct; the “Calc Qi” button is clicked. The area and the discharge for this portion of the stream will be calculated. Again the user should review the values. If these make sense, the “Record Qi” button is clicked. These values will be stored into an array while the next measures are recorded.

When the desired number of measurements is taken, click the View Data Tab.

If user enters a character in the velocity text box, a message will inform user to use number values.

The units used on the set up page must agree with the units selected for the velocity measurements.

The view data page provides the user with the option of reviewing data before recording.
The Qw textbox is a summation of all the Qi values. When user is satisfied the “Save Qw” button is clicked.
The values used to calculate the Qw are recorded to a comma delimited text file. The data entered into the first two set up pages, the Qw and the Standard Deviation are recorded to the shapefile.

The pop up message here informs the user of the name and location of the comma delimited text file.

The Stream Assessment Toolbar
The Spatial Field Note Tool



The Spatial Field Note Tool
The Spatial Field Note Tool is a simple text box that with georeferencing. It can be used to site a location that should be revisited or any other note that would be of value to have either georeferenced or in digital format for safe keeping.
When a point is added, ArcPad will present the Shapefile Properties window. The User should review the fields.
If the fields are correct:
• tap the green OK icon.
• tap the Spatial Field Note Tool Button.

This tool has only one page. The data and the shape file point id are from the shape file data table.

The user adds text using the SIP.

When finished, tap the keyboard in the lower right corner to remove the SIP.

After adding text, tap the Save Button.

This note can then be appended later by reselecting the same point for editing.

Closing an ArcPad Session
To completely exit ArcPad and close the GPS Differential Correction Session is through the Main Toolbar.
1) Click the OpenMap dropdown list arrow
2) Click the Exit -> Ctrl-Q area

If the map has not been saved as an *.apm file, the user will be prompted to do so.





Last edited Sep 27, 2010 at 5:35 PM by GISGirl, version 1

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